Poco::Net

class DNS

Library: Net
Package: NetCore
Header: Poco/Net/DNS.h

Description

This class provides an interface to the domain name service.

Starting with POCO C++ Libraries release 1.9.0, this class also supports Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs).

Regarding IDNs, the following rules apply:

Member Summary

Member Functions: aierror, decodeIDN, decodeIDNLabel, encodeIDN, encodeIDNLabel, error, hostByAddress, hostByName, hostName, isEncodedIDN, isIDN, lastError, reload, resolve, resolveOne, thisHost

Enumerations

HintFlag

DNS_HINT_NONE = 0

DNS_HINT_AI_PASSIVE = 0x00000001

Socket address will be used in bind() call

DNS_HINT_AI_CANONNAME = 0x00000002

Return canonical name in first ai_canonname

DNS_HINT_AI_NUMERICHOST = 0x00000004

Nodename must be a numeric address string

DNS_HINT_AI_NUMERICSERV = 0x00001000

Servicename must be a numeric port number

DNS_HINT_AI_ALL = 0x00000100

Query both IP6 and IP4 with AI_V4MAPPED

DNS_HINT_AI_ADDRCONFIG = 0x00000400

Resolution only if global address configured

DNS_HINT_AI_V4MAPPED = 0x00000800

On v6 failure, query v4 and convert to V4MAPPED format

Member Functions

decodeIDN static

static std::string decodeIDN(
    const std::string & encodedIDN
);

Decodes the given Punycode-encoded IDN (internationalized domain name).

The resulting string will be UTF-8 encoded.

encodeIDN static

static std::string encodeIDN(
    const std::string & idn
);

Encodes the given IDN (internationalized domain name), which must be in UTF-8 encoding.

The resulting string will be encoded according to Punycode.

hostByAddress static

static HostEntry hostByAddress(
    const IPAddress & address,
    unsigned hintFlags = DNS_HINT_AI_CANONNAME | DNS_HINT_AI_ADDRCONFIG
);

Returns a HostEntry object containing the DNS information for the host with the given IP address. HintFlag argument is only used on platforms that have getaddrinfo().

Throws a HostNotFoundException if a host with the given name cannot be found.

Throws a DNSException in case of a general DNS error.

Throws an IOException in case of any other error.

hostByName static

static HostEntry hostByName(
    const std::string & hostname,
    unsigned hintFlags = DNS_HINT_AI_CANONNAME | DNS_HINT_AI_ADDRCONFIG
);

Returns a HostEntry object containing the DNS information for the host with the given name. HintFlag argument is only used on platforms that have getaddrinfo().

Note that Internationalized Domain Names must be encoded using Punycode (see encodeIDN()) before calling this method.

Throws a HostNotFoundException if a host with the given name cannot be found.

Throws a NoAddressFoundException if no address can be found for the hostname.

Throws a DNSException in case of a general DNS error.

Throws an IOException in case of any other error.

hostName static

static std::string hostName();

Returns the host name of this host.

isEncodedIDN static

static bool isEncodedIDN(
    const std::string & hostname
);

Returns true if the given hostname is an Punycode-encoded internationalized domain name (IDN), otherwise false.

An encoded IDN starts with the character sequence "xn—".

isIDN static

static bool isIDN(
    const std::string & hostname
);

Returns true if the given hostname is an internationalized domain name (IDN) containing non-ASCII characters, otherwise false.

The IDN must be UTF-8 encoded.

reload static

static void reload();

Reloads the resolver configuration.

This method will call res_init() if the Net library has been compiled with -DPOCO_HAVE_LIBRESOLV. Otherwise it will do nothing.

resolve static

static HostEntry resolve(
    const std::string & address
);

Returns a HostEntry object containing the DNS information for the host with the given IP address or host name.

If address contains a UTF-8 encoded IDN (internationalized domain name), the domain name will be encoded first using Punycode.

Throws a HostNotFoundException if a host with the given name cannot be found.

Throws a NoAddressFoundException if no address can be found for the hostname.

Throws a DNSException in case of a general DNS error.

Throws an IOException in case of any other error.

resolveOne static

static IPAddress resolveOne(
    const std::string & address
);

Convenience method that calls resolve(address) and returns the first address from the HostInfo.

thisHost static

static HostEntry thisHost();

Returns a HostEntry object containing the DNS information for this host.

Throws a HostNotFoundException if DNS information for this host cannot be found.

Throws a NoAddressFoundException if no address can be found for this host.

Throws a DNSException in case of a general DNS error.

Throws an IOException in case of any other error.

aierror protected static

static void aierror(
    int code,
    const std::string & arg
);

Throws an exception according to the getaddrinfo() error code.

decodeIDNLabel protected static

static std::string decodeIDNLabel(
    const std::string & encodedIDN
);

Decodes the given Punycode-encoded IDN (internationalized domain name) label.

The resulting string will be UTF-8 encoded.

encodeIDNLabel protected static

static std::string encodeIDNLabel(
    const std::string & idn
);

Encodes the given IDN (internationalized domain name) label, which must be in UTF-8 encoding.

The resulting string will be encoded according to Punycode.

error protected static

static void error(
    int code,
    const std::string & arg
);

Throws an exception according to the error code.

lastError protected static

static int lastError();

Returns the code of the last error.

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